Martyrdom anniversary of Muslim ibn Aqil
Muslim ibn Aqil ibn Abi Talib was the cousin of Imam al-Husayn and his representative in Kufah before the Battle of Karbala and was from the tribe of Abi Talib. Muslim was present in some of the conquests of the Muslims as well as the Battle of Siffin. He went to Kufah as a representative of Imam al-Husayn in order to provide the Imam with a status report of the city and to make sure that people of Kufah are persistent on and truthful in their invitation of the Imam. In a report to the Imam, he wrote that Kufans were prepared for the Imam’s arrival.
However, after that ‘Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad was appointed as the governor of Kufah and because people were afraid of him, they suddenly left Muslim alone. Thus, he was arrested and martyred on the day of Arafah (Dhu al-Hijjah 9), 60 (September 10, 680). The story of Muslim being left alone and his martyrdom in Kufah is the theme of a well-known lament recited by the Shi’ahs. The lament is recited on the day of ‘Arafah and sometimes on Muharram 1.