RNA – al-Sayyid Ja’far Murtadha al-‘Amili was born on Safar 25, 1364 (February 9, 1945) in the village ‘Ayt al-Jabal 110 kilometres away from Beirut south of Lebanon. His paternal lineage goes back to al-Husayn Dhul-Dam’ah, the son of Zayd the son of Imam al-Sajjad (a).
He began his informal education with his father, who was a teacher. In 1382/1962, he migrated to Najaf in order to study religious disciplines. He resided in the Seminary School of Ayatollah Boroujerdi and seminary of Najaf. In 1388/1968, he moved to Qom. In the seminary of Qom, he first studied the rest of his intermediate courses with Ayatollah Mirmohammadi. He then attended the lectures of scholars such as Sayyid Musa Shobayri-Zanjani, Fani, Murtadha Haeri-Yazdi and Mirza Hashem Amoli. In the meanwhile, he studied historical and theological issues of Shi’ism.
His Scholarly and Social Activities
Qom: Remarkable activities of Ja’far Murtadha during his stay in Qom was his research about the history and beliefs of the Shi’ah, the establishment of “Muntada” or the “Seminary of Jabal ‘Amil” and teaching master students at Tarbiat Modarres Univeristy in Qom. During his years of teaching, he was a research adviser of Lebanese students and facilitated their education in Qom. During twenty five years of stay in Qom, Murtadha sponsored and educated Lebanese students, supported the ideological foundations of the Islamic Revolution, and wrote about the foundations of government by appealing to the practice of Ahl al-Bayt (a).
Lebanon: Late in 1993 he returned to his homeland, Lebanon, after twenty five years of stay in Qom. He continued his research and teaching in southern Lebanon—which was occupied by Israeli regime at the time. In addition to his research in history and the foundation of a research center in Beirut, he held different assemblies for Shi’ah youths in Lebanon, thus training a generation of religious activists among Lebanese Shi’ahs. One of his main educational activities was the foundation of a Shi’ah seminary in Beirut in 1998. During years of his stay in Lebanon, he defended imamate and wilayah and constantly tried to reply to objections to Shi’ah principles.
His Prophetic Biography and Book’s Writing Style
al-Sayyid Ja’far Murtadha is a Shi’ah historian whose expertise is the early Islamic period. He has revived Islamic history within Shi’ah seminaries. His historical works is characterized as follows:
Ijtihadi approach to the study of history,
Drawing upon historical facts to defend Shi’ah theological principles and criticize Sunni theological foundations,
Intelligently tracing historical events to their origins,
Explicit specifications of fabrications and distortions,
Disclosing people who have provided dishonest accounts of history,
Profound knowledge of historical sources,
Fluent writing and a peculiar organization of contents.
His work is not edited by content editors—all his work thus represents his own style of writing.
al-Sayyid Murtadha has written some books about the history of Islam and Shi’ah beliefs, including:
al-Sahih min Sirat al-Nabi al-A’dham:
This book that is al-Sayyid Ja’far Murtadha’s most important work, is about history of Islam and the Prophet’s (s) tradition. Regarding criticism of hadiths narrated the Prophet’s tradition, this book is outstanding. The author has tried to purify the written works of the Prophet’s (s) tradition from unauthentic hadiths, doing his utmost to author a history based on reliable hadiths after being critical of former hadith references. Taking a special and Shi’ah look at the Prophet’s (s) tradition and his history into consideration, Ja’far Murtadha utilized numerous references of both Shi’ah and Sunni (1683 books) to restore the narrated Prophet’s (s) tradition.
At first, this work was released gradually and one by one up to eleven volumes and currently it’s been reached to thirty five volumes altogether. The early volumes were published first by Islamic Publications Office and republished repeatedly in upcoming years. Furthermore, this book had the chance to win Iran’s book of the year awards.
Ma’sat al-Zahra’ (a):
This book has been authored about incidents of the late life of Lady Fatimah (a). The writer attempted to quell the misgivings raised about Lady Fatimah’s (a) life and martyrdom. According to the Persian translation of the book, titled as “Ranjha-ye Hazrat Zahra” (Lady Zahra’s (a) Pains), the book aimed primarily to relieve doubts of al-Sayyid Muhammad-Husayn Fadhlullah.